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BGA PCB Assembly

BGA PCB Assembly

pcb assembly bga

A ball grid array (BGA) is a type of surface-mount packaging (a chip carrier) used for integrated circuits. BGA packages are used to permanently mount devices such as microprocessors. A BGA can provide more interconnection pins than can be put on a dual in-line or flat package. The whole bottom surface of the device can be used, instead of just the perimeter. The traces connecting the package's leads to the wires or balls which connect the die to package are also on average shorter than with a perimeter-only type, leading to better performance at high speeds.

Soldering of BGA devices requires precise control and is usually done by automated processes.

Advantages of China BGA PCB Assembly

  • Heat conduction: BGA circuits allow heat to pass much more easily from the integrated circuit outwards, reducing overheating problems.

  • Lower inductance: Because each solder ball in a BGA circuit is generally only a handful of millimeters large, problems from interference within the circuit are greatly minimized.

  • Higher-density circuits: As through-hole circuits of pcb assembly BGA were more densely-populated, soldering them accurately without crossover or short-circuits became nearly impossible.

BGA PCB Features

Types of BGA PCBs






Types of BGA PCBs


Inspection of BGA PCB

Types of BGA PCBs


CBGA (Ceramic Ball Grid Array)

PBGA (Plastic Ball Grid Array)    TBGA (Tape Ball Grid Array)


X-ray inspection is used to analysis the features of BGA PCBs. This technique is known as XRD in the industry and relies on X-rays for unveiling the hidden features of this PCB. This kind of inspection includes:Solder Joint Thickness,Solder Joint Radius,Change in Circular shape and Solder Joint Position


PCB Assembly Cases in GreensTone

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Yes, thanks for your update on the projects status,it’s good for me to make our order plan.

—— Pablo from Spain June 20th, 2019.

Your engineer check the files very carefully,thank you for it, it helps me a lot.


—— Mark from a leading LED strips supplier in Australia Match,8th 2018.

The goods arrived very well, the packing is good, thank you.


—— Antonio from Valladolid, Spain May 25th, 2017.

We've been worked with GreensTone for many years, there is no failure.

—— Wally Nunn from Australia---a leading Pool products manufacturer July13th, 2016.

I reached out to GreensTone Electronics to manufacture the circuit boards. After a few discussions, Rebecca could see the community focus of the project and went above and beyond to reduce costs, ensure delivery and filmed elements of the production for educational purposes. Manufacturing offshore isn't as easy as it appears on the surface so it was invaluable to have Rebecca believe in the cause and be an ally in the production working toward the same goal.


—— Mic. from Australia Feb. 10th, 2015, written on his Facebook.

Yes, thank you we received the 34x LC VMS TILE 1C REV A earlier this week. The assembly quality is very good.


—— Ruth from Australia April 9th, 2014.

Thank you for taking time to check it,you are very efficient.


—— Peter Astrom from Sweden Sep 8th, 2013.

Your engineer is very clever,thanks for the help to check the file's problem.

—— Tony from Australia July 21st, 2012.
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BGA Assembly Capabilities

In the realm of modern electronics, Ball Grid Array (BGA) assembly has emerged as a vital technology for mounting integrated circuits and semiconductor packages onto printed circuit boards (PCBs). BGA assembly offers numerous advantages, making it a popular choice for compact and high-performance electronic devices. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore BGA assembly, its steps, advantages, and the capabilities that GreensTone brings to this advanced assembly technique.


What is BGA Assembly?

Ball Grid Array (BGA) assembly is a sophisticated PCB assembly technique that involves mounting integrated circuits (ICs) and other semiconductor devices with an array of tiny solder balls on the underside of the component. These solder balls serve as the connection points between the component and the PCB. Unlike traditional through-hole components, BGAs do not have leads; instead, they rely on a grid of solder balls for electrical and mechanical connections.


Steps of BGA Assembly

BGA assembly involves a precise and meticulous process to ensure the accurate placement and soldering of components. Here are the key steps in the BGA assembly process:

1. Stencil Design and Fabrication:

The process begins with the design and fabrication of a stencil that precisely matches the PCB's layout. This stencil contains openings corresponding to the positions of the BGA solder balls on the component.

2. Solder Paste Application:

Solder paste, a mixture of tiny solder particles and flux, is applied to the PCB's pads through the stencil. The solder paste is deposited in precise quantities onto the pads.

3. Component Placement:

The BGA component is carefully placed onto the PCB, aligning the solder balls with the corresponding pads. Precision and alignment are crucial at this stage to ensure proper connections.

4. Reflow Soldering:

The PCB with the BGA component is subjected to a reflow soldering process. In this process, the assembly is heated to a specific temperature, causing the solder paste to melt and form strong solder joints between the component and the PCB.

5. Inspection and Quality Control:

The PCB assembly undergoes thorough inspection using techniques like Automated Optical Inspection (AOI) and X-ray inspection to check for defects, such as solder joint quality and component placement accuracy.

6. Rework (if needed):

If any defects are identified during inspection, rework is performed to correct them. This may involve removing and re-soldering the BGA component.


Advantages of BGA Assembly

BGA assembly offers several significant advantages that have contributed to its widespread adoption in the electronics industry:


1. Space Efficiency:

BGAs have a higher pin density and a smaller footprint compared to traditional components with leads. This compact design allows for more components to be placed on a PCB, making it ideal for miniaturized and high-density PCB designs.

2. Improved Electrical Performance:

The shorter electrical path between the BGA component and the PCB leads to reduced parasitic capacitance and inductance, resulting in improved electrical performance, signal integrity, and higher-speed data transfer.

3. Better Thermal Management:

BGAs feature a larger thermal contact area with the PCB, enabling efficient heat dissipation. This is crucial for electronic devices that generate heat, such as processors and graphics cards.

4. Increased Reliability:

The absence of leads in BGAs reduces the risk of solder joint cracking due to thermal cycling. This enhances the overall reliability and longevity of electronic products.

5. Cost Efficiency:

BGA assembly can lead to cost savings by reducing the PCB size, eliminating the need for additional components like connectors, and streamlining the assembly process.

6. High-Speed and High-Frequency Applications:

BGAs are well-suited for high-speed and high-frequency applications, such as microprocessors, memory modules, and communication devices, where signal integrity and electrical performance are critical.


GreensTone BGA Assembly Capabilities

At GreensTone, we excel in BGA assembly, offering a range of capabilities to meet the demands of diverse electronic projects:

1. Experienced Team:

Our team of skilled engineers and technicians has extensive experience in BGA assembly, ensuring precise component placement and soldering.

2. Cutting-Edge Equipment:

We utilize state-of-the-art BGA rework and assembly equipment to achieve high-precision soldering and optimal results.

3. Quality Control:

Quality is our top priority. We implement stringent quality control measures, including advanced inspection techniques, to ensure that BGA assemblies meet the highest quality standards.

4. Mixed-Technology Assembly:

We offer mixed-technology assembly solutions, allowing BGAs to be combined with other assembly methods like surface mount technology (SMT) or through-hole assembly to accommodate a wide range of components and functions.

5. Prototyping and Production:

Whether you require a prototype or high-volume production, GreensTone can scale its BGA assembly services to meet your project's needs.

6. Customization:

We collaborate closely with our clients to accommodate specific BGA component preferences, design complexities, and compliance requirements, tailoring our services to your unique project.

7. Efficiency and Cost-Effectiveness:

Our streamlined processes and efficient equipment ensure that BGA assembly projects are completed on time and within budget, delivering cost-effective solutions.

8. Diverse Industry Expertise:

We have experience serving clients across various industries, including consumer electronics, telecommunications, medical devices, automotive, and industrial automation, showcasing our versatility and competence in BGA assembly.


0086-755-23215983-2006
4F B5 XuJingChang Industry Zone HaoYe Rd. No.39, XinHe Street, FuYong District, Shenzhen, China